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IJMLC 2022 Vol.12(4): 149-153 ISSN: 2010-3700
DOI: 10.18178/ijmlc.2022.12.4.1094

Segmented Soft Pneumatic Bending Actuator with Artificial Neural Network for Parameter Prediction

Mark Joseph B. Enojas and Manuel C. Ramos Jr.

Abstract—Most of the models of soft robotic gloves can do flexion and extension. However, there are other hand rehabilitation exercises such as tendon glide which requires variations of finger pose. It cannot be done with just a single motion of flexion or extension. Individual joint control is needed in order to achieve the normal-to-maximum range of motion when doing the hand exercises. In this paper, a design of a segmented soft pneumatic bending actuator (sPBA) with individual joint control using PID with Artificial Neural Network (ANN) for parameter prediction is presented. Each joint has its individual inlets and has pneumatic chambers that bends when supplied with air. A pneumatic control setup is developed to control the three finger joints; the Metacarpophalangeal (MCP), Proximal Interphalangeal (PIP), and the Distal Interphalangeal (DIP). Varying the air pressure supplied to the joints achieves different bending positions of the finger. An experimental setup was developed in order to characterize and gather data that is used to develop ANN for predicting the bending angle-to-pressure parameter. A total of 2197 images are captured from the different combinations of pressure which are equivalent to different bending angles. A simple PID control was used to achieve the desired bending. The setup has a mean-square-error (MSE) of 1.85007 at validation with overall R of 0.9994 and a maximum error of 5.4 kPa pressure in joint 1 at low pressure. This setup will be useful to develop a soft robotic rehabilitation glove.

Index Terms—Artificial neural network, soft pneumatic bending actuator, hand rehabilitation, hyper redundant actuator, soft robotic glove.

The authors are with the Robotics and Automation Laboratory of the Electrical and Electronics Engineering Institute of the University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines (e-mail: mark.joseph.enojas@eee.upd.edu.ph, manuel@eee.upd.edu.ph).


Cite: Mark Joseph B. Enojas and Manuel C. Ramos Jr., "Segmented Soft Pneumatic Bending Actuator with Artificial Neural Network for Parameter Prediction," International Journal of Machine Learning and Computing vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 149-153, 2022.

Copyright © 2022 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).


General Information

  • E-ISSN: 2972-368X
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Mach. Learn.
  • Frequency: Quaterly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJML
  • Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Lin Huang
  • Executive Editor:  Ms. Cherry L. Chen
  • Abstracing/Indexing: Inspec (IET), Google Scholar, Crossref, ProQuest, Electronic Journals LibraryCNKI.
  • E-mail: ijml@ejournal.net

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