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IJMLC 2014 Vol. 4(5): 474-477 ISSN: 2010-3700
DOI: 10.7763/IJMLC.2014.V4.457

Cluster Based Hierarchical Routing Protocol for WSN with Energy Efficiency

L. Malathi and R. K. Gnanamurthy

Abstract—Recent advances in the field of electronics and communication leads to development of tiny battery enabled sensor nodes. These sensor nodes are randomly deployed as a wireless sensor network for sensing environment. Over the years, the most important problem in wireless sensor network is to develop a routing protocol that maximize the life time of network. Each node in a sensor network becomes useless after wasting its energy completely because its power totally depends on the embedded battery. So we should employ the routing protocols which can consume the energy of nodes efficiently. Many protocols for energy efficient routing in sensor networks have been suggested but LEACH and PEGASIS are most well-known protocols based on Clustering. However LEACH consumes energy heavily in the head nodes and the head nodes tend to die early and PEGASIS - which is known as a better energy efficient protocol has a long transfer time from a source node to sink node. We proposed a new three stage routing protocol which combines LEACH and PEGASIS. And we introduced the concept called Cluster Head Set which is responsible for transferring the data. The Headed selection is similar to LEACH. In addition to Header Head set members are selected. The Data forwarding technique is similar to PEGASIS. The Simulation Results shows that this protocol consumes the energy of the node efficiently and improves the life time of the Network and also it reduces the redundant transmission of the data. For set of 100 Nodes the proposed algorithm gives 50 percent better performance than LEACH and 6 percent better performance than PAGASIS in terms of network life time and also it gives 61 percent better performance in terms of redundant transmission.

Index Terms—Clustering, cluster head set, leach, PEGASIS, routing, sensor network, life time.

L. Malathi is with the Computer Science and Engineering Department, Vivekanandha College of Engineering for Women, Thiruchengode, Tamil Nadu, India (e-mail: malasumathi@gmail.com).
R. K. Gnanamurthy is with the ECE, SKP Engineering College, Thiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu, India.


Cite: L. Malathi and R. K. Gnanamurthy, "Cluster Based Hierarchical Routing Protocol for WSN with Energy Efficiency," International Journal of Machine Learning and Computing vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 474-477, 2014.

General Information

  • E-ISSN: 2972-368X
  • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Mach. Learn.
  • Frequency: Quaterly
  • DOI: 10.18178/IJML
  • Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Lin Huang
  • Executive Editor:  Ms. Cherry L. Chen
  • Abstracing/Indexing: Inspec (IET), Google Scholar, Crossref, ProQuest, Electronic Journals LibraryCNKI.
  • E-mail: ijml@ejournal.net

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